Photography in History · Photojournalism

History in Pictures

Annelies Marie Frank was a German-born writer of Frankfurt. She is by far one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. During her life in hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II, she kept a diary… The Diary of a Young Girl.

The Franks moved from Germany to Amsterdam in the early 1930s when the Nazis gained control over Germany. By May 1940, they were trapped in Amsterdam by the German occupation of the Netherlands. In July 1942, the family went into hiding in concealed rooms behind a bookcase in the building where Anne’s father worked. In August 1944, the family was betrayed and transported to concentration amps where Anne and her sister, Margot, eventually perished in 1945, February or March… just weeks before the camp was liberated.

This photograph (colorized) below, is significant as it is of Anne sun bathing,
free, in 1939… the year before their entrapment.


The only survivor of the family, Otto Frank, returned to Amsterdam after the war to find that Anne’s diary had been saved. His efforts led to its publication in 1947.

It was translated from its original Dutch version and first published in English in 1952 as The Diary of a Young Girl, and has since been translated into over 60 languages. The diary, which was given to Anne on her thirteenth birthday, chronicles her life from 12 June 1942 until 1 August 1944.

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